You may not be familiar with dental diastema when you hear about it. We explain everything you need to know about excessive tooth separation in this article.
The term dental diastema refers to the excessive separation between the teeth. It is the most visible and frequent type of upper central incisor. The most well-known, as many celebrities wear it with pride and own one.
This article explains why it occurs and how it can be resolved, if necessary. Find out more by reading on.
Dental diastema: What is it?
Diastemas refer to the presence of a large separation between two or more teeth. Among upper central incisors, they are most prevalent.
A temporary tooth can get chipped, or a permanent tooth can get shattered. That is, in adulthood and childhood.
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What causes dental diastema?
A dental diastema can be caused by several factors. Most commonly, the following problems arise:
Age: These characteristics are common among young children, during milk teething. Over time, the pieces tend to correct themselves as they erupt.
Genetics: The trait is passed from generation to generation in families.
The disparity between the size of the teeth and the size of the bone: The teeth can become spaced apart if the jaw is very large or the teeth are very small.
A tooth is missing: There is an excessive gap between the next tooth and the tooth below it due to the absence of a tooth.
An extra tooth: The so-called mesiodens is a micro tooth that has a conical or double-cone shape and is usually found behind or between the central incisors. This material causes the pieces to separate, regardless of whether it is retained inside the bone.
Frenulum fibrous or very large: Located from the inside of the lip towards the gums, this mucous membrane is a thin, translucent membrane. A very large and fibrous implant can cause the central incisors to separate if it is inserted lower or deeper than normal.
Interposition Linguistique: When you interpose your tongue or push your teeth with your tongue, it can cause separation over time.
Trauma: A blow to the mouth not treated quickly can result in tooth displacement and a gap between the teeth.
Bite alterations: Diastemas in the teeth are caused by problems with oral alignment, horizontal overbite, or protruding teeth.
Dental diastema and its consequences
Diastemas in the mouth are rarely bothersome, except that they produce a unique smile. Some people do not have a problem with this. Other people may be embarrassed, which can harm their self-esteem and friendships.
The presence of a dental diastema can also result in other consequences. An example is the increased risk of cavities and gingivitis in the teeth involved. There is a possibility that food debris and bacterial plaque can collect between your teeth. These diseases can develop if proper oral hygiene isn’t practiced.
Often, dental problems are associated with occlusion problems that impact the way one bites. The condition is likely to cause side effects, such as headaches, ear pain, jaw discomfort, and neck stiffness.
Other possible consequences include speech disturbances. Separating the anterior teeth has the potential to affect the pronunciation of certain phonemes that involve them.
Are there any alternatives to correct it?
Diastases can be corrected by determining the cause and, based on that, planning the appropriate treatment. It is the dentist who will determine which treatment option is most appropriate for each patient.
Here are a few options for treatment:
Staying with the diastema: It is possible not to perform any intervention if the patient is satisfied with the aesthetics of his smile, if no function of the mouth is compromised, and if there are no risks of other complications.
Space can be closed with orthodontics: An orthodontic appliance is used to close the space between the teeth by mobilizing the teeth. Invisible or conventional braces may be used. Cosmetic braces and lingual braces can also be used.
Fillings with resins: With aesthetic resins that close the spaces between the teeth, it is possible to reshape the teeth.
Dental Veneers: Another solution can be porcelain veneers. By adhering to the outside of the teeth, they appear larger and can close the spaces between them.
Crowns: Placing a dental crown on a tooth can give it a new shape and size while also closing the space between the tooth and the gum line. This is carved into the tooth and attached and cemented as a plug, covering the entire area.
Surgery: By performing a procedure called a frenectomy, it is possible to cut and reposition the dental diastema when its origin is in the labial frenulum. Surgical removal of a mesiodens if the cause is its presence is also necessary. A child’s space may close on its own when these interventions are performed. However, orthodontic treatment is needed to complete the closure in adolescents and adults.
Repositioning of the traumatized tooth: The ideal approach is to begin treatment as soon as possible if the diastema was caused by trauma. A root canal must be performed, the tooth must be re-positioned in its proper position, and splints must be worn while the tooth heals.
At ease with the smile
Having a dental diastema can be a source of embarrassment when smiling, an aesthetic problem, or an obstacle to pronunciation. In this case, consulting the dentist, searching for the origin, and choosing the best available solution are recommended.
However, some people are comfortable with having more space in their mouths. The feature is a particular aspect of their smile and is something they are proud of.
Whatever the case, the most important aspect of your image is feeling good about it. If this alteration raises any doubts, it is convenient to consult your trusted dentist for clarification. In this way, no obstacles will prevent you from smiling confidently.