For gestational diabetes to be managed successfully, a special diet must be followed. Pregnancy can lead to this reversible condition. Diabetes can be difficult to control because of insulin resistance. As soon as delivery occurs, the dysfunction disappears.
As a patient, we will provide you with a series of nutritional guidelines that will help you adjust your diet appropriately. When the diet before pregnancy was not of high quality, it increases the risk of developing this metabolic condition. These disorders are more prevalent among people who consume simple sugars regularly.
During pregnancy, women are prone to gestational diabetes
Because gestational diabetes tends to be transitory, it differs from other metabolic diseases. After starting a pregnancy, it usually begins to appear and ends once the baby is born.
To prevent hypoglycemia from occurring, a series of precautions must be taken to protect the mother and her unborn child.
Incidences of this disease are increased by several factors. Being overweight and exhibiting insulin resistance can more easily trigger the disorder, according to research published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences. A significant number of pregnant women suffer from this issue.
Diet during gestational diabetes
During the treatment of gestational diabetes, weight loss will be an important part of the diet so that the patient is within normal limits. In other words, weight gain should be less in the case of a pregnant woman with this problem than it would be in the case of a counterpart who does not have this problem.
A study published in Current Diabetes Reports suggests that you can achieve this objective by following a Mediterranean diet. A balanced diet containing a wide variety of fresh products is the key to ensuring enough protein and healthy fats are consumed.
The DASH diet for hypertension has also been shown to reduce the risk of metabolic diseases as well. Low consumption of simple sugars is the hallmark of this eating pattern, as well as a diet that guarantees the consumption of unsaturated lipids with an anti-inflammatory effect, such as omega 3.
During gestational diabetes, certain foods are permitted
As a next step, we will discuss which foods are important to include in the diet for gestational diabetes.
In general, the consumption of carbohydrates should be moderated. Dietary carbohydrates must be complex carbohydrates, thus avoiding simple carbohydrates that spike blood sugar levels. You can consume some of the following foods regularly:
- Oatmeal is an example of whole grains without sugar
- Integral rice
Furthermore, fiber is guaranteed in this way, which is very important in the management of intestinal problems, as well. The evidence suggests that supplying adequate quantities of this substance is a good way to prevent constipation.
Carbohydrates should be included in the main meals, but should not exceed 1/4 of the total serving volume.
The consumption of high-quality proteins is recommended every day. This will allow new tissues to grow correctly since the mother and child’s demands will be met. Thus, meat, fish, dairy products, and eggs must be prominently featured in the diet.
The method of cooking must also be considered. Foods that are fried are prone to produce trans fatty acids and should be avoided. Researchers at the University of California at Los Angeles linked an intake of these lipids with an increased risk of diabetes in a study published in Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome.
In addition to high-quality protein, every meal should contain a serving of fruit or vegetables. Prioritizing fish over meat is recommended. Regularly eating eggs, whether grilled or in an omelet, is also a good idea.
Dairy products, especially yogurt, are a great choice for dessert as they provide protein. These essential nutrients can be obtained from two of these foods daily. Make sure they aren’t sugar-sweetened.
As we have noted, pregnant women can consume both unsaturated and saturated fats. Many ultra-processed products contain trans-type lipids, which should, at the very least, be consumed in moderation. You should not include them in your diet:
- Industrial foods are processed to an extreme degree
- Fast food
It is recommended that you dress your vegetables with raw olive oil daily during pregnancy to ensure a healthy pregnancy. You can also use oily fruits such as avocados. Nuts are also an excellent addition to snacks.
Control gestational diabetes by monitoring diet
Dietary management is an effective way to handle gestational diabetes, as it is a transitory condition. To ensure a healthy prognosis, simply eat a low-calorie diet and limit simple and ultra-processed sugar intake.
A pregnant woman who has altered blood glucose must be closely monitored and see her gynecologist frequently. Childbirth and postpartum care are complicated by a persistently high blood sugar level.