You should know how to give yourself an insulin injection if you have diabetes mellitus because chronic disease patients must actively participate in their treatment.
Insulin injection is an exogenous hormone used to treat some metabolic diseases. Do you have any questions about administering injections of insulin? Next, we count.
Hyperglycemia is responsible for 2.2 million deaths worldwide in 2012, according to the World Health Organization. The use of this remedy helps reduce the blood sugar load in diabetics, potentially prevent hyperglycemia.
A mixture of insulin and glucose is administered to the human body through injection using prefilled insulin syringes or pens. The injection is the most widely used way to administer this substance worldwide.
Who can give the insulin injection?
To treat diabetes mellitus successfully, patients must actively engage in the treatment process in health care facilities. In the early stages, insulin is administered by professional health care providers.
As a result, patients can take insulin from the comfort of their own homes, which allows for the control of their blood sugar levels on a timely basis and, in turn, prevents complications from occurring. However, the patient must be guided, supervised, and made aware of risks.
The storing, transporting, preparing, and administering of insulin injections must be taken into account in detail because research has proven that the procedure and substance must be correctly administered. In addition, the person must know the correct manner of storage, transportation, preparation, and administration.
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Materials required to give an insulin injection properly
Getting the right materials on hand is key to the success of injections with a syringe. Before putting the insulin in, check that all of the necessary materials are available so that application delays can be avoided and errors can be avoided.
To provide this type of injection, understanding the correct insulin and loading dose is important. At present, there is a wide range of insulin preparations that are categorized according to their duration, time of onset, and type of action.
The composition of exogenous insulin has been classified as basal, preload, and biphasic or premixed insulin in some studies.
Most commonly used is U-100 insulin, which contains 100 units of insulin per milliliter. More concentrated forms are available as U-300 and U-500. For this reason, doctors need to explain the dosage and how it is calculated appropriately. 
It usually takes about 0.3 to 2 milliliters of insulin solution to make 30 to 200 units of insulin. The dosage, the intervals between injections, and the type of insulin will determine the amount.
There are a variety of needle sizes in such a procedure, from 31 gauge all the way up to 5 micrometers. Adults are usually given needles between 5 and 6 millimeters long, while pediatric patients more often receive needles between 4 and 6 millimeters.
Gauze and alcohol
It is usually sufficient to disinfect the administration area using a damp cotton ball in most cases. If you have dressings or gauze on hand, you can clean the area easily. If you have alcohol on hand, you can disinfect the area easily.
How to give an insulin injection
According to various investigations, handwashing is very important before starting. Normally, you should wash your hands with plenty of soap and water for at least 60 seconds. This will prevent infectious complications.
After checking for bruises, wounds, fissures, and lumps in the area where insulin will be injected, follow these steps:
- If the rubber on the insulin bottle cap defies cleaning, you should wet it with rubbing alcohol or a cotton ball.
- Remove the cap and insert the needle into the sterile syringe.
- Turn the bottle over and submerge the needle in the solution after inserting the syringe needle into the rubber of the bottle.
- Aspirate the solution slowly until it matches the dose line on the syringe.
- Then lift the fold of skin between your thumb and index finger where you want to inject.
- Insert the needle between 45 and 90 ° between the surface of the skin and the syringe. This will ensure accurate application to the subcutaneous tissue. Close the insulin bottle when you are finished.
- Release the skin fold and gradually inject the insulin dose into the syringe.
- Allow the needle to stay in place for 5-10 seconds before removing it.
- Do not rub or touch the area as you withdraw the needle.
It is important to dispose of syringes and needles in a durable container that will be thrown out after a period. Do not reuse needles due to the risk of causing infection and reducing the effectiveness of the medication.
Does it work on any part of the body?
The insulin is usually injected into convenient areas in the body such as the hand, upper arm, or bottom of the buttocks. Those who have diabetes can inject insulin into the bicep or back of the hand.
There is usually more subcutaneous tissue in the outer thighs or on the abdomen. Because of this, it is easier to pinch this tissue off to form the fold, while you do not need to pinch it off on the arm because it is usually harder for the patient.
Make certain you are wheeling the injection site
We advise you to give insulin injections to different parts of the body. In this way, you can avoid the lesions on the skin from insulin injections, which can eventually slow down their efficacy. You can do this, in collaboration with a physician, or independently.
In addition, it is important to clarify all doubts regarding the procedure, doses, time intervals, and frequency of administration with the doctor. Additionally, you should immediately seek medical attention if you experience any unusual symptoms or signs.
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