The word “diabetes” brings to mind thoughts of high blood sugar. High blood sugar contributes significantly to diabetes. When blood sugar is out of whack, it can become dangerous. When diabetes takes effect on your body, it can cause various effects, including a decrease in your ability to produce insulin and a decrease in your utilization of glucose (sugar) for energy. Here are some of the symptoms of diabetes you can experience.
Early diagnosis, treatment, and control of diabetes greatly minimize the risks of cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney damage, nerve damage, and kidney failure. Diabetes left untreated can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, nerve damage, and kidney failure.
The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin that assists in the process of converting sugars from your food into energy for your cells. Insulin helps you process sugars from your blood to put them into your cells.
In diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, leading blood glucose levels to rise and cells to expire of all needed energy. This can cause severe complications to every major organ in your body.
Depending on the type of diabetes you have, there are different effects on your body. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are the main types.
Insulin-dependent diabetes or type 1 is an immune system disorder in which your immune system destroys your body’s ability to make insulin, requiring you to take insulin to live. Children and young adults are more likely to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes than adults.
The risk of type 2 diabetes has increased in younger populations as a result of lifestyle, dietary, and insufficient exercise habits. Type 2 diabetes, although commonly associated with older populations, is a result of insulin resistance.
Diabetes type 2 occurs when your pancreas stops working properly. This results in a lack of ability to move sugar from the blood to the cells. Eventually, this can lead to the need for insulin medications.
Diabetes can be controlled. In some cases, it can even fade into remission with proper lifestyle changes if proper adjustments are made to diet, exercise, and monitoring of blood sugar levels. Prevention of diabetes by managing the earlier phases is essential.
A high blood sugar level is a risk factor for complications during pregnancy. It increases the likelihood that type 2 diabetes will develop later in life for both mother and child. Gestational diabetes can usually be controlled through diet and exercise.
Endocrinology, Excretory System, and Digestive System
It can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis if your body cannot use insulin or produces little at all. This causes toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, to be produced. Symptoms include extreme thirst and excessive urination.
A sweet scent on your breath may be from the high levels of ketone bodies present in the blood. If left untreated, diabetic ketoacidosis can lead to coma or death if untreated.
This condition occurs when a diabetic has undiagnosed diabetes, has not been able to manage their diabetes, or suffered a heart attack, stroke, or infection. Under certain circumstances, HHS can occur without ketones. You may become dehydrated.
When your stomach has difficulty emptying, you may initially experience nausea, vomiting, bloating, and heartburn. This delay may also cause your blood glucose levels to rise.
Damage To The Kidneys
In addition, diabetes damages your kidneys and impedes their ability to filter waste products from your blood. If your doctor detects microalbuminuria, a sign that your kidneys are malfunctioning, your doctor may think they need to be replaced.
In diabetes, nephropathy is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged in a way that cannot be reversed. If you have diabetes, your doctor will recommend nephropathy screening to prevent irreversible kidney damage or kidney failure. 
Effects Of Diabetes On Your System Of Blood Circulation
In addition to high blood pressure, diabetes increases the risk of developing fatty deposits on blood vessel walls. This in turn increases the risk of atherosclerosis or hardening of the blood vessels. Diabetes increases your risk of having high blood sugar levels, which puts further strain on your heart.
Managing your blood glucose levels, regular exercise, and good eating habits can help you reduce high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, diabetes doubles the risk of heart disease and stroke.
In addition, if you have diabetes, leaving smoking behind is a great idea. Diabetes and smoking are dangerous combos. They increase your risk for health problems, especially heart attacks and strokes.
Intermittent claudication, caused by inadequate blood flow, affects the hands and feet. Narrowed blood vessels in the legs or feet can also contribute to these symptoms. You may experience decreased sensation in your feet or not be able to feel the warmth in your hand because you do not have enough sensation. This condition is known as peripheral neuropathy and may prevent you from noticing an injury or infection.
If you have diabetes, you must take good care of your feet and inspect them often. You are also more likely to develop infections of the foot or develop an ulcer. You also face a greater risk of having a foot or leg amputated. 
Effects of Diabetes on Your Integumentary System
In addition to dehydration, diabetes can also affect your skin, which is your biggest organ. It is very important to completely dry your feet after bathing or swimming. If necessary, apply petroleum jelly or gentle creams, but avoid letting the skin become too wet.
Fungal, bacterial, and yeast infections can cause blisters, itchiness, and redness in moist, warm folds of the skin, such as between your fingers and toes, in your groin, armpits, or in your mouth.
It may also lead to calluses, infected ulcers, sties, and infected nails. You should seek medical attention in case of an ulcer. If you get an ulcer, see your doctor as soon as possible to avoid losing your foot.
Besides diabetes, the following skin conditions can be caused by uncontrolled diabetes:
- The hard yellow spot is a result of eruptive xanthomatosis.
- Bumpy red rings
- The most common cause of thick skin is digital sclerosis.
- Hands and feet are often affected
- Brown spots can be caused by diabetic dermopathy.
- Patches of skin
There is no cause for concern and no treatment is necessary for diabetic dermopathy.
If you control your blood sugar, these skin conditions should disappear.
Effects of Diabetes on Your Nervous System
Diabetes can cause diabetic neuropathy, or damage to the nerves, affecting your perception of heat and cold, pain, and injury. You will be more susceptible to these injuries and are more likely to allow them to develop into infections or serious diseases.
In diabetics, dilated blood vessels may lead to blindness or vision loss, or difficulty seeing. Symptoms of eye trouble appear mild at first, so you should schedule regular visits with your eye doctor.
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Effects of Diabetes on Your Body’s Reproductive System
A pregnant woman must be on the lookout for preeclampsia or eclampsia, both of which are high blood pressure conditions caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy.
The main symptoms of gestational diabetes are similar to other types of diabetes, but cause repeated infections of the vagina and bladder. When gestational diabetes is easily controlled, the glucose level returns to normal after childbirth.
You may experience increased delivery complications if you develop gestational diabetes, and your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases several years after your baby is delivered.