Diet In Type 2 Diabetes: What Is The Best Way To Eat?

Diet In Type 2 Diabetes: What Is The Best Way To Eat?

Diet plays an important role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The use of physical exercise and medication prescribed by your doctor constitutes another pillar of glucose control.

It is possible to treat diabetes with proper nutrition, physical activity, and medication, although it is a chronic disease. Drugs aren’t the only problem we should address.

What Are The Possible Effects of Diabetes on Your Body? The body attacks itself, causing diabetes to appear as the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin, as we already know. An unbalanced lifestyle, for instance, can alter the hormone’s production and action over time.

Even though diabetes can manifest itself in a variety of different ways, type 2 diabetes is known to be the most common form, and it is associated with the accumulation of abdominal fat, obesity, and inactivity during childhood.

Diet in diabetes type 2

To treat this disease properly, one of the fundamental pillars is to eat the right diet. We aim not only to lose weight but also to maintain a healthy glycemic index.

Those who develop type 2 diabetes have altered carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolisms.

Weight loss typically begins with a reduction in calories. As well as this, feed must be fractionated. Ideally, a person should eat five meals a day, according to the Spanish Heart Foundation. It would be to specify breakfast, lunch, and dinner, with two snacks in between each meal.

Related: How To Give An Insulin Injection Properly

Plan ahead

Diets of the day can be fulfilled by applying schedules that adapt to each individual. This prevents them from going long periods without eating, thus keeping their blood sugar levels normal. Preventing hypoglycemia is also part of what we do.

An evening snack may be beneficial for some people whose glucose levels are complicated.

Carbohydrates are important

Diet in diabetes type 2
Diet in diabetes type 2

As carbohydrates determine up to 50% of the glycemic response, it makes sense to focus on what type of carbohydrate is consumed.

In a typical diet, whole grains, legumes, and tubers provide most of the carbohydrates. Starch and minerals plus fiber and vitamins make them a nutrition-rich food. In an ideal situation, your plate should be a quarter full.

It has been recommended that fruit consumption be increased by selecting varieties that have a low glycemic index. Consider eating fruit with its peel, since fiber is in the peel. [1]

Avoid lowering blood glucose levels

Having a source of food available at all times, such as fruit or candy, is always advisable as a way to prevent the drop in glucose. It should be consumed when a patient feels that their blood sugar is dropping.

By counting carbohydrates, professionals can prevent and treat heart disease.

Related: How to Treat Insulin Resistance

The type 2 diabetes diet includes the following foods

The following foods can be consumed in addition to those already mentioned:

  • Vegetables: It is recommended that they occupy half of the plate.
  • Dairy: Sweeteners should be low in fat or without sugar, as appropriate.
  • Eggs, cheese, and lean meats.
  • Oils, seeds, and nuts.
  • Canned goods: Sugar-free.
  • Sweets and jams: Sweetened with permitted ingredients.


The importance of hydration cannot be understated. Most diabetics have polyuria (an increase in urine production), so drinking water throughout the day is essential.

As long as they are sweetened with permitted sweeteners, sugar-free beverages, infusions like tea, mate, and coffee are also allowed. Drinking fruit drinks with water is occasionally possible.

Why should you avoid certain things?

Alcohol: In addition, it increases blood sugar levels when it is not consumed with food. [2]

Tobacco: The changes can have long-term effects not only in diabetics but also in nondiabetics. [3]

Excess salt: It is important not to forget that it can raise blood pressure, just like tobacco.

Scheduling feedings is key

As a result of programmed eating, type 2 diabetes can be effectively treated. Hypoglycemic drugs don’t help, even if they’re used to control metabolism. It is, in many cases, the only treatment option available, along with exercise. Exercise is all about stamina and if you want to know how to increase stamina while walking then read our article: A Step By Step Guide To Increase Walking Stamina.

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